- South Africa
South Africa Land of Diversity is located at the southern most region of Africa, with a long coastline that stretches more than 2,500 km and along two oceans the South Atlantic and the Indian. The interior of South Africa is a vast, flat, and sparsely populated scrubland, the Karoo, which is drier towards the northwest along the Namib Desert. In contrast, the eastern coastline is lush and well watered, which produces a climate similar to the tropics.
To the north of Johannesburg, the altitude drops beyond the escarpment of the Highveld, and turns into the lower lying Bushveld, an area of mixed dry forest and an abundance of wildlife. East of the Highveld, beyond the eastern escarpment, the Lowveld stretches towards the Indian Ocean. It has particularly high temperatures, and is also the location of extended subtropical agriculture.
South Africa is ranked sixth out of the world's seventeen mega diverse countries with more than 20,000 different plants. The most prevalent biome in South Africa is the grassland, particularly on the Highveld, where the plant cover is dominated by different grasses, low shrubs, and acacia trees, mainly camel-thorn and whitethorn. There are significant numbers of baobab trees in this area, near the northern end of Kruger National Park. The Kruger National Park being the largest of the 291 conservation parks in South Africa. South Africa also boasts with 8 World Heritage Sites.
South Africa has a huge wildlife abundance of wildlife with 299 different mammal and 858 bird species.
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