- Mr.Vikas Abbott
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When:2 August 2017
What is Aadi Perukku?
Aadi Perukku is an auspicious festival observed in the Tamil month of Aadi (July-August). Aadi means the ‘Tamil month of Aadi’, Perukku means ‘rising or multiply’. Also known as Pathinnetham Perukku in Tamil (Aadi 18), it is celebrated on the 18th day of the Tamil month Aadi.
Significance of Aadi Perukku
Mother Earth is at her best on this day. You can see the blessings of Goddess Lakshmi- fertility, prosperity and abundance fills the earth plane. The water level start rising in this month providing an opportunity for sowing and planting crops. Festival is celebrated to pay respect and gratitude to Mother Nature, rivers and other water bodies. This festival is observed with reverence in the banks of major rivers and especially in river Kaveri in Tamil Nadu.
Celebration & Rituals on Aadi Perukku
Women folks in the South perform Aadi Perukku Pooja in the banks of the rivers. They take holy dip in the river and wear new clothes. Aadi Perukku Pooja includes water rituals like, letting special lamps float in the river. Women also perform sacred Sumangali Pooja and offer new mangal sutras (sacred thread) to other married women. Since the festival has deep connection with prosperity, many people worship various Gods and deities. People also perform pujas and homas for Goddess Lakshmi, as the occasion symbolizes flow of fertility and prosperity.
Benefits of Aadi Perukku Festivities
According to the traditional believes and practice in the Southern India, participating in Aadi Perukku rituals can bestow the following blessings:
(1)Worshipping Goddess Mariamman on this day can bless you with a good spouse and progeny
(2)Offering special food at the river bank can bestow uninterrupted water supply and good harvest
Importance of Aadi Peruku/Pathinettam Perukku
Adiperukku is a Hindu Tamil festival celebrated on the 18th day of the Tamil month of Adi (July to Aug).
The festival pays tribute to water's life-sustaining properties. For the blessing of mankind with peace, prosperity and happiness, nature worship in the form of Amman deities are organized to shower Nature’s bountiful grace on human beings.
The festival coincides with the annual freshes of the rivers and to pay tribute to water's life-sustaining properties. It is celebrated near river basins, water tanks, lakes and wells etc. of Tamil Nadu when the water level in the rises significantly heralding the onset of Monsoon.
In India the rivers Ganges and Yamuna, Cauvery and Godavari are considered sacred. Just like the earth gives us food, water is considered as a sacred necessity to meet the needs of individuals. People began to worship water in the form of wells, tanks and rivers. It is common among people to throw fruits, saffron cloths, etc., when the rivers and lakes are in spate purely based on the belief that these rivers are the species of female deities. Similarly every temple has sacred wells and tanks, and water in these resources are considered pure. There are cultural developments of the society that highlight many variations on the theme of primeval water which shows that water culture and civilization represent human interest with sacredness.
Adiperukku, otherwise called Padinettam perukku is peculiar to the all the perennial river basins of Tamil Nadu and major lakes water source areas and is intended to celebrate the water rising levels due to the onset of monsoon, which is expected to occur invariably on the 18th day of the solar month, Aadi corresponding to the 2nd or 3 August every year. Hence "Padinettam perukku" - Padinettu signifies eighteen, and Perukku denotes rising. This festival is observed predominately by women in Tamil Nadu. The Adiperukku, as a water-ritual, celebrated by women is to honour nature.
The association of this ritual with fertility, sex and reproduction is both natural and human. This water ritual practice is performed on the banks of Rivers, which is described as a rice-cultivation tract. The history of this ritual practice dates back to the ancient period and was patronised by the Kings and royal households. This ritual practice existed in various historical periods. Aadi is the month for sowing, rooting, planting of seeds and vegetation since it is peak monsoon time when rain is showered in abundance.
Apart from people flocking at the waterfalls sources of western ghats for pre monsoon and monsoon festivals. People living on the banks of the river beds and other important water generation sources offer pujas to the water goddess and river god. For Adiperukku every year so that when nurseries are raised in the fields subsequently and sustained north- east monsoon. The crop will be ready for harvest during Thai Pongal Celebration in 5 months duration.
According to the Tamil calendar, Aadi is the fourth month of the year. The first day of this month, usually falling on July 16, is celebrated as Aadi Pandigai or Aadi Pirappu, which is an important festival to most Tamils, especially newly-weds. The most visible manifestation of the month of Aadi is the huge 'kolams' that are painstakingly patterned early each morning in front of houses. They are usually bordered with red 'kaavi' and across the front doorway at the top are strung mango leaves. The first of the month is marked with a special puja, followed by a feast with 'payasam' prepared with coconut milk, 'puran poli' and vadai. Traditionally, the family of a 'pudhu maappillai' (new son-in-law) is invited to the girl's house, where the couple is gifted new clothes and other presents.
Aadi is a month of fervour and observances in Goddess related to water-forces and natural forces (e.g. Mariamman temples, Mundakanniamman temples etc.) where prayers and pujas are offered to propitiate the powerful goddesses and seek their protection from the inauspicious aspects that are often associated with the month. No weddings or other similar functions are celebrated during Aadi. It is during this time that the monsoon peaks on the west coast and the rivers of Tamil Nadu, shrunken in the summer heat, get replenished, often to near full levels.
The 18th day of Aadi, is observed as 'Aadi Perukku', a day of offerings and prayers to these rivers, which mean so much to the lives and prosperity of the people. The day is an occasion for rejoicing particularly for those living on the banks of the all the main rivers, its branches and tributaries. There is a belief that young girls who do this puja offering Kaadholai (earrings made of palm leaf), Karugamani (black beads) and Kaapparisi (a sweet made of hand pounded rice and jaggery) will be blessed with good husbands. The families spend the evening by the river, eating preparations of rice like puliyodharai, lemon rice etc. Playing to the tune of Adiperukku folk songs and Kummi group by young women are the major attractions during this festival.
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