Niger Niger

Niger is a developing country, and is consistently one of the lowest-ranked in the United Nations' Human Development Index (HDI); it was ranked 186th of 186 countries for 2012. Much of the non-desert portions of the country are threatened by periodic drought and desertification. The economy is concentrated around subsistence and some export agriculture clustered in the more fertile south, and the export of raw materials, especially uranium ore. Niger remains handicapped by its landlocked position, desert terrain, poor education and poverty of its people, lack of infrastructure, poor health care, and environmental degradation.

While most of what is now Niger has been subsumed into the inhospitable Sahara desert in the last two thousand years, five thousand years ago the north of the country was fertile grasslands. Populations of pastoralists have left paintings of abundant wildlife, domesticated animals, chariots, and a complex culture that dates back to at least 10,000 BCE. Several former northern villages and archaeological sites date from the Green Sahara period of 7,500–7,000 to 3,500–3,000 BCE.

The economy of Niger centers on subsistence crops, livestock, and some of the world's largest uranium deposits. Drought cycles, desertification, a 2.9% population growth rate, and the drop in world demand for uranium have undercut the economy.

Niger shares a common currency, the CFA franc, and a common central bank, the Central Bank of West African States (BCEAO), with seven other members of the West African Monetary Union. Niger is also a member of the Organization for the Harmonization of Business Law in Africa.


Islam, spread from North Africa beginning in the 10th century, has greatly shaped the mores of the people of Niger. Between 80 and more than 98 percent of the population is Muslim, with small Animist and Christian communities, the latter a consequence of missionaries established during the French colonial years, as well as urban expatriate communities from Europe and West Africa. Niger appears as number 50 on the World Watch List which ranks countries by the severity of persecution that Christians face for actively pursuing their faith.

Niger Attractions

  • Sultan's Palace
  • Birni Quarter
  • Grande Marche
  • Grande Marche
  • Agadez Grande Mosquee
  • National Museum of Niger
  • Grand Marche

Popular cities in Niger

Bilma, Bouza, Ouallam, Keita, Madarounfa, Kollo, Say, Maine-soroa, Birnin Gaoure, Filingue, Aguie, Abalak, Goure, Tanout, N'guigmi, Illela, Matameye, Tillabery, Magaria, Dakoro, Tibiri, Tera, Mayahi, Madaoua, Ayorou, Diffa, Dogondoutchi, Gaya, Tessaoua, Dosso, Birnin-Konni, Tahoua, Arlit, Agadez, Maradi, Zinder, Niamey,

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